Photo Essay: Chandragiri- where the Vijayanagara empire breathed its last | The News Minute
In the s Saluva Narasimha, gathering power to himself through his military An inscription dated records that Deva Raya II had recruited 10, Vijayanagar under the next Raya – it was he who put to flight Muslim traders and to the deft handiwork of a general called Saluva ('the Hawk') Narasimha, The last of the inscriptions issued by the house of Sangama is dated 29 July. Bukka (reigned – CE) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from the Sangama Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya, – Badagas of Nilgiris have Hakka and Bukka structures in many of villages in Nilgiris even to date.
The capital was first shifted to Penukonda, but when that too was attacked by the Golconda Sultanate, it was shifted again to Chandragiri. The Aravidu dynasty, the last to rule Vijayanagara, also ruled from this town. In the early 17th century, Chandragiri passed into the hands of the Golconda Sultanate and finally the Kingdom of Mysore. Vijayanagara era carvings on the entrance gateways to the fort The modest fort is entered through two gateways, with beautiful carved pillars typical of Vijayanagara architecture.
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There are two parts in the innermost enclosure — a lower fort and an upper fort. A granite hill forms the backdrop to the lower fort, and at its base is a reservoir that would collect rain water flowing down the slope.
This made the citadel self-sufficient for its water needs. Rain water would also fill the moat around it, providing the inner fort an extra layer of defence.
It is significant that the rulers of Chandragiri practiced rainwater harvesting all those centuries ago. This is where Krishna Deva Raya is said to have lived.
Photo Essay: Chandragiri- where the Vijayanagara empire breathed its last
A number of temples in varying degrees of dilapidation are scattered around the fortification. An interesting bit of trivia about Chandragiri is the role it played in the birth of present day Chennai.
The regions around the fort grew into modern Madras, now Chennai. He defeated the Shambuvaraya Kingdom of Arcot and the Reddis of Kondavidu by and the region around Penukonda was annexed.
Bukka defeated the Sultanate of Madurai in and extended his territory into the south all the way to Rameswaram. His son, Kumara Kampana campaigned with him and their efforts were recorded in the Sanskrit work Madura Vijayam also known as Veerakamparaya Charitram written by his wife Gangambika.
By he had gained an upper hand over the Bahmanis for control of the Tungabhadra-Krishna doab and also took control of Goathe kingdom of Odisha Orya were also captured and Bukka forced the Jaffna kingdom of Ceylon and the Zamorins of Malabar to pay tributes to him. Clashes[ edit ] During his reign Bukka would also have clashes with the Bahmani Sultans.
Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya | Revolvy
It is said that Bukka also sent a mission to China during his reign. Bukka died in about and was succeeded by Harihara II. It is also notable that under Bukka Raya's reign the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire established itself at Vijayanagara, on the south side of the river, which was more secure and defensive than their previous capital at Anegondi.
Cultural and welfare activities[ edit ] Even with the wars and internal conflicts, Bukka still managed to help support internal improvements for the city. Important works of literature were also written during his rule.